RAW

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=== Definition ===
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'''RAW''' refers to {{Glossary|a group of some hundred proprietary [[image format|image formats]] containg unprocessed sensor data from digital cameras.|1}}
'''RAW''' refers to a group of some hundred [[Image format|image formats]] proprietary to the respective camera manufacturers.  
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They all have in common that they contain the unprossesed data as it comes from the analog/digital (A/D) converter. This files need to be processed - at least interpolated, since the color information for most of them is located in different pixels - and converted to a common [[image format]] to be viewed or otherwise used. They might contain additional data comparable to the [[EXIF]] information.
 
They all have in common that they contain the unprossesed data as it comes from the analog/digital (A/D) converter. This files need to be processed - at least interpolated, since the color information for most of them is located in different pixels - and converted to a common [[image format]] to be viewed or otherwise used. They might contain additional data comparable to the [[EXIF]] information.
  
=== RAW converters ===
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== RAW converters ==
  
 
There are numerous RAW converters but only few that can convert most or all RAW formats, most of them based on [[dcraw]] written by David J. Coffin. Most of them offer sophisticated ways to control [[white balance]], tonal range, contrast, shadow detail, exposure etc. Some even allow for correction of [[chromatic aberration]] or noise.  
 
There are numerous RAW converters but only few that can convert most or all RAW formats, most of them based on [[dcraw]] written by David J. Coffin. Most of them offer sophisticated ways to control [[white balance]], tonal range, contrast, shadow detail, exposure etc. Some even allow for correction of [[chromatic aberration]] or noise.  
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You can always try and find out how to extract more [[dynamic range]] from RAW files in these converters, but in order to get 16 bit per channel output files with full [[dynamic range]] follow the tutorial about [[RAW dynamic range extraction]].
 
You can always try and find out how to extract more [[dynamic range]] from RAW files in these converters, but in order to get 16 bit per channel output files with full [[dynamic range]] follow the tutorial about [[RAW dynamic range extraction]].
  
=== External links ===
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== External links ==
* More basic Information on Wikipedia Camera RAW page: [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Camera_raw]
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* [[w:Camera raw]] at Wikipedia
* Bob Atkins very informative page on RAW format: [http://www.photo.net/learn/raw/]
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* [http://www.photo.net/learn/raw/ RAW, JPEG and TIFF] by Bob Atkins on Photo.net
* Advantages and disadvantages of the RAW format and more basic information: [http://www.cambridgeincolour.com/tutorials/RAW-file-format.htm]
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* [http://www.cambridgeincolour.com/tutorials/RAW-file-format.htm Advantages and disadvantages of the RAW format and more basic information]
* dcraw generic RAW converter: [http://www.cybercom.net/~dcoffin/dcraw/]
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<small>--[[User:Erik Krause|Erik Krause]] 07:36, 7 Jul 2005 (EDT)</small>
 
 
[[Category:Glossary]]
 
[[Category:Glossary]]

Latest revision as of 18:42, 20 November 2007

RAW refers to a group of some hundred proprietary image formats containg unprocessed sensor data from digital cameras.

They all have in common that they contain the unprossesed data as it comes from the analog/digital (A/D) converter. This files need to be processed - at least interpolated, since the color information for most of them is located in different pixels - and converted to a common image format to be viewed or otherwise used. They might contain additional data comparable to the EXIF information.

[edit] RAW converters

There are numerous RAW converters but only few that can convert most or all RAW formats, most of them based on dcraw written by David J. Coffin. Most of them offer sophisticated ways to control white balance, tonal range, contrast, shadow detail, exposure etc. Some even allow for correction of chromatic aberration or noise.

You can always try and find out how to extract more dynamic range from RAW files in these converters, but in order to get 16 bit per channel output files with full dynamic range follow the tutorial about RAW dynamic range extraction.

[edit] External links

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