Difference between revisions of "Lens correction model"

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m (linked to Wavy distortion)
m (added Distortion Remove and abc.xls info)
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them for every stitch as part of their normal workflow.
 
them for every stitch as part of their normal workflow.
  
The a & c parameters control distortion at the centre and edges of
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The a & c parameters control more complex forms of distortion so are not very important, you can normally just zero them and use the b parameter by itself.
the picture so are not very important, you can normally just zero
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them and use the b parameter by itself.
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If you want to see how changing the parameter influences distortion correction go to http://www.4pi.org/downloads/ and get '''abc.xls'''. Don't deactivate macros on loading.
  
 
See also [http://www.path.unimelb.edu.au/~dersch/barrel/barrel.html Helmut Dersch's barrel distortion page].
 
See also [http://www.path.unimelb.edu.au/~dersch/barrel/barrel.html Helmut Dersch's barrel distortion page].
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* [[zhang_undistort]] is a tool distributed with [[hugin]] that uses [[CamChecker]] parameters to actually correct distortion.
 
* [[zhang_undistort]] is a tool distributed with [[hugin]] that uses [[CamChecker]] parameters to actually correct distortion.
  
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* [[Distortion Remove]] uses a completely different approach with a distortion matrix. Page in german only: http://www.stoske.de/digicam/Artikel/verzeichnung.html
  
 
[[Category:Glossary]]
 
[[Category:Glossary]]

Revision as of 18:48, 15 December 2005

Panorama Tools a, b & c parameters

The Panorama Tools a, b & c parameters correspond to a third-order radial polynomial describing radial lens distortion. It is never exact, but can give a pretty good approximation to the real behaviour of a given lens. The parameters are used by various tools to correct both barrel distortion, pincushion distortion and wavy distortion

There are a number of ways to determine the a, b, c and fov parameters for a particular lens/camera combination:

  • Taking two or more overlapping photographs and selecting lots of normal control points, then optimising roll, pitch, yaw, fov, a, b & c. This technique works with any output projection format (note that to get a really accurate measure of the field of view, you have to take a full 360 degree panorama).
  • Using a tool such as PTLens or clens to read the JPEG EXIF data and correct the image automatically by looking up the lens in an existing database.

The fov, a, b & c parameters are fairly consistent between shots with the same camera/lens combination so you can use them again and again. Though they can vary slightly depending on the focus distance, so many panographers tend to recalculate them for every stitch as part of their normal workflow.

The a & c parameters control more complex forms of distortion so are not very important, you can normally just zero them and use the b parameter by itself.

If you want to see how changing the parameter influences distortion correction go to http://www.4pi.org/downloads/ and get abc.xls. Don't deactivate macros on loading.

See also Helmut Dersch's barrel distortion page.

Tools to correct barrel and pincushion distortion

  • The original PTStitcher can be scripted to batch process images with known a, b & c parameters. It can also be operated with one of the GUI front-ends.
  • The Correct filter in the Panorama Tools Plugins for the gimp or photoshop uses the same a, b & c parameters as PTStitcher. Note that it doesn't know about d & e parameters and uses 'd' as an overall scaling factor instead.
  • PTLens is a Photoshop plugin and a stand-alone Windows tool that uses the same a, b & c parameters and comes with a database of popular lenses.
  • CamChecker is a tool for automatically determining lens distortion and generates a different set of parameters from everything else.