The Hugin Assistant tab automates the entire panorama creation process, these settings allow you to customise the assistant.
Select Automatically align images after loading to run the second Align... step immediately after loading the images.
Auto align uses autopano-sift or autopano to generate control points between pairs of images, set Number of Ctrl Points per overlap to control the number of control points. Note that although most pictures can be stitched with just three or four control points, automatically generated points tend not to be very evenly distributed, so this number should be set to ten or more
The size of the output Panorama Image Size is usually set in the Hugin Stitcher tab where it is also possible to Calculate Optimal Size based on the sizes of the input images. The Auto align process does something similar, though here you can set a smaller output as a percentage. Generally setting a percentage of 70% leads to no great loss of quality due to the way a camera CCD samples data.
Enable this if your photos:
- have a very wide angle Field of View
- are tilted up or down, control points near the zenith or nadir may need to have full 360 degree rotation search
Usually, hugin will use the current locale to determine the language of buttons, menus etc... Set the Language if you need to switch languages temporarily or if you are using a platform such as Windows95 that doesn't support localised software. hugin won't change language immediately, you will need to stop and restart it.
Optimize and stitch only images selected in preview window allows you to work on just a few of the images in the current project rather than all of them. Use the buttons along the top of the Hugin Preview window to enable and disable source photos. When optimising with the Hugin Optimizer tab or stitching with the Hugin Stitcher tab, all the hidden images will be ignored.
HDR and 16bit display mode
hugin supports both HDR and 16bit imaging. These image formats contain a lot more brightness and colour information than can be displayed on a standard computer monitor, so hugin only shows a rough representation of these pictures.
16bit data can have linear or corrected gamma. Linear images appear very dark on many monitors, so set the range to fixed and the mapping to gamma 2.2.
For HDR data, try setting the range to auto and the mapping to logarithmic.
Changes to the HDR and 16bit display mode require restarting hugin to take effect.
Some hugin actions generate large temporary files, change the Tempdir to specify an alternative location for writing these files. One reason for setting this independently from the operating system would be to use a RAM disk to speed up stitching.
In the final stitching process nona reprojects and distorts images to fit, enblend takes these images as individual TIFF files and merges them using sophisticated seam positioning and blending into a single finished TIFF file.
enblend supports a range of Additional arguments, for example you may want to set:
- -a Pre-assemble non-overlapping images to speed up blending.
- -l number Number of levels to use (1 to 29), larger numbers result in wider seams.
- -z Use LZW compression. The TIFF file format has a 2GiB limit (or 4GiB or 8GiB, depending on who you ask) so you will find this useful for large panoramas.
- -b kilobytes Image cache block size (default=2MiB)
- -c Use CIECAM02 to blend colors
- -m megabytes Use this much memory before going to disk (default=1GiB). Increase if you have a lot of memory on your system.
- --fine-mask Enables detailed mask generation.
- --no-optimize Turn off mask optimization.
Often you will want to keep the intermediate TIFF files created by nona in order to edit masks or for manual blending, otherwise Delete remapped tiff files or your disk will fill up with temporary data.
Cropped TIFF files are smaller and more efficient because unused parts of the image are not stored in the file. You should always Use cropped TIFF files unless you need to open them in an image editor without Cropped TIFF support.