Extended bracketing control

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= PTP bracketing =
 
= PTP bracketing =
[[w:Picture Transfer Protocol|Picture Transfer Protocol]] (PTP) is built into many cameras and should provide a means of not only transferring pictures over USB but also controlling the camera remotely. PTP is part of the [[w:Windows Image Acquisition|WIA]] architecture on Windows, hence it is fairly easy to build a camera control software using f.e. Visual Basic. For other OS's the [http://gphoto.org/ gphoto] project should provide access to such cameras.
+
[[w:Picture Transfer Protocol|Picture Transfer Protocol]] (PTP) is built into many cameras and should provide a means of not only transferring pictures over USB but also controlling the camera remotely. PTP is part of the [[w:Windows Image Acquisition|WIA]] architecture on Windows, hence it is fairly easy to build a camera control software using f.e. Visual Basic. For other OS's the [http://gphoto.org/ gphoto] project should provide access to such cameras. The gphoto project also collects informations what cameras can be remotely controlled and in what ways: http://gphoto.org/doc/remote/
  
 
Hence there are many programs to control your camera from a computer but only few that do the same from a portable device. However, availability of cheap USB host circuitry has triggered some do-it-yourself projects and apparently even some smartphones can use USB hosts nowadays.
 
Hence there are many programs to control your camera from a computer but only few that do the same from a portable device. However, availability of cheap USB host circuitry has triggered some do-it-yourself projects and apparently even some smartphones can use USB hosts nowadays.
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* [http://www.breezesys.com/DSLRRemotePro/ DSLR remote pro] (commercial)
 
* [http://www.breezesys.com/DSLRRemotePro/ DSLR remote pro] (commercial)
 
* [http://www.photoremote.de/en PhotoRemote] (free for non commercial use)
 
* [http://www.photoremote.de/en PhotoRemote] (free for non commercial use)
* [http://www.digikam.org/ DigiKam] (open source) Should "use gphoto for capture" according [http://gphoto.org/proj/ gphoto page]
+
* <strike>[http://www.digikam.org/ DigiKam] (open source) Should "use gphoto for capture" according [http://gphoto.org/proj/ gphoto page]</strike> no camera control
 +
* [http://www.heliconsoft.com/ Helicon Remote] supports many Nikon and Canon cameras (Commercial)
 +
* [http://www.controlmynikon.com/ ControlMyNikon] works ith Nikon DSLRs only. (Commercial)
 +
* [http://hartcw.com/ Smart Shooter] supports many Nikon and Canon cameras and is scriptable (Commercial)
  
 
=== Linux ===
 
=== Linux ===
* [http://www.digikam.org/ DigiKam] (open source) Should "use gphoto for capture" according [http://gphoto.org/proj/ gphoto page]
+
* <strike>[http://www.digikam.org/ DigiKam] (open source) Should "use gphoto for capture" according [http://gphoto.org/proj/ gphoto page]</strike> no camera control
  
 
=== Mac OSX ===
 
=== Mac OSX ===
* [http://www.digikam.org/ DigiKam] (open source) Should "use gphoto for capture" according [http://gphoto.org/proj/ gphoto page]
+
* <strike>[http://www.digikam.org/ DigiKam] (open source) Should "use gphoto for capture" according [http://gphoto.org/proj/ gphoto page]</strike> no camera control
 
* [http://www.breezesys.com/DSLRRemotePro4Mac/ DSLR remote pro for Mac] (commercial)
 
* [http://www.breezesys.com/DSLRRemotePro4Mac/ DSLR remote pro for Mac] (commercial)
 +
* [http://www.sofortbildapp.com/ Sofortbild] Mac Tethered shooting (Freeware)
 +
* [http://www.heliconsoft.com/ Helicon Remote] supports many Nikon and Canon cameras (Commercial)
 +
* [http://hartcw.com/ Smart Shooter] supports many Nikon and Canon cameras and is scriptable (Commercial)
  
 
== Devices ==
 
== Devices ==
* [http://www.promotesystems.com/ Promote control] (commercial)
+
=== Commercial ===
* [http://www.roundshot.ch/xml_1/internet/de/application/d438/d927/f1033.cfm Seitz Roundshot VR Drive 2 with HDR option] (commercial)
+
* [http://www.promotesystems.com/ Promote control]
 +
* [http://www.roundshot.ch/xml_1/internet/de/application/d438/d927/f1033.cfm Seitz Roundshot VR Drive 2 with HDR option]
 +
* [http://www.okii.net/default.asp OKII USA] They sell 2USB controls, battery powered, they allow camera control and also very fine follow focusing control. Canon only.
 +
* [http://www.pchood.com/3D%20USB%20Contoller Cinematics]They sell 2USB controls, battery powered, they allow camera control and also very fine follow focusing control, one of them is the unique one that controls 2 cameras for stereo3D photography or video making. Canon only.
 +
* [http://opteka.com/ff1x.aspx Opteka FF1x] it is a simple, battery operated followfocus. No hdr functions or camera controls
 +
* [http://www.camranger.com/ Camranger] is a small device plugging in the USB connector of several Nikon and Canon DSLRs allowing to control them wireless from an Ipad or Iphone.
 +
 
 +
=== Do-it-yourself ===
 +
While the commercial devices above should be save (or at least offer some liability) there is a chance the DIY projects might hurt your camera. See [http://vimeo.com/groups/magiclantern/forum/topic:255083 this post] on the vimeo forum.
 +
* [http://dslrsystems.com/ dslrsystems] is an arduino Bluetooth reciever with USB conection to Canon camera, chained with an Android smartphone app
 
* [http://www.circuitsathome.com/camera-control/digital-camera-control-using-arduino-usb-host-shield-part-1-basics Digital camera control using Arduino USB Host Shield] (DIY / open source)
 
* [http://www.circuitsathome.com/camera-control/digital-camera-control-using-arduino-usb-host-shield-part-1-basics Digital camera control using Arduino USB Host Shield] (DIY / open source)
* [http://dslrcontroller.com DSLR controller for android] App with live view that uses USB host mode
 
 
* [http://xeqo.de/camcap-dslr-controller/ CamCap – DSLR Controller] Android tablet 3.1 app with live view that uses USB host mode
 
* [http://xeqo.de/camcap-dslr-controller/ CamCap – DSLR Controller] Android tablet 3.1 app with live view that uses USB host mode
 +
* [http://webuser.fh-furtwangen.de/~dersch/gphoto/remote.html project to control a camera using a network storage unit] running embedded linux by [[Helmut Dersch]]
  
== Mixed ==
+
===Raspberry Pi===
* [http://www.ononesoftware.com/products/dslr-camera-remote/ DSLR camera remote] A smartphone app and a program running on a PC connected to the camera.  
+
The [[w:Raspberry Pi]] is a very cheap yet complete ARM based single board computer the size of a credit card running Linux. This offers new and exciting possibilities. Some projects:
 +
* [http://islandinthenet.com/2012/08/23/hdr-photography-with-raspberry-pi-and-gphoto2/ HDR photography with Raspberry Pi and gPhoto2] by Khürt Williams
 +
* [http://davidhunt.ie/?p=2641 Camera Pi – DSLR Camera with Embedded Computer] by David Hunt (Timelaps and remote shooting but no HDR yet).
 +
* [http://teach-me-photo.blogspot.com/2012/11/raspberry-pi-hdr-machine.html Raspberry Pi HDR Machine] by Andre (Timelapse and HDR)
  
 +
== Chained apps ==
 +
Unfortunately very few smart devices have an USB host to control external readers, iOS would need a special circuitry attatched to their propretary port. Hence proliferation of tools claimed to coontrol the camera from a smartphone, that are more conveniently using a real computer as bridge.
 +
The convenience is that the smart device controlling the camera operations is wirelessy connected to the bridge computer and can be a very valuable companion in studio work. Drawback is it comes more heavy on the field.
 +
 +
=== iOS + OSX ===
 +
* [http://www.ononesoftware.com/products/dslr-camera-remote/ DSLR camera remote] A smartphone app and a program running on a PC connected to the camera.
 +
 +
=== Android + other ===
 +
* [http://www.remoteyourcam.com/ remoteyourcam wifi] is compatible with  Canon cameras, Nikon compatibility is still not provided. The server application is available for Mac OS X 10.5+ and Windows.
 +
* [http://www.busywww.com/ cameraremote] Documentation is scarce, seems to act through bluetooth. Someone will have to test it.
 +
 +
== Android apps direct USB control ==
 +
Few android apps are avaliable, chaining the full camera control with PTP protocol. Unfortunately only few smart devices are equipped with an USB host, and generally Android 3.1 is required. Till now only few Android can control the cameras directly. The solution is smart and lightweight, requires an USB cable linking your device with the camera, somehow limiting the action range.
 +
* [http://dslrcontroller.com/ DSLcontroller] Android app to control Canon cameras
 +
* [http://dslrsystems.com/ dslrsystems] is an Android smartphone app chained with an arduino Bluetooth reciever with USB conection to Canon camera
 +
* [https://code.google.com/p/dslrdashboard/ DslrDashboard] supports many Nikon and Canon cameras both over USB and WiFi
 +
* [http://www.heliconsoft.com/ Helicon Remote] supports many Nikon and Canon cameras (Commercial)
 +
* [http://xeqo.de/camcap-dslr-controller/ CamCap] supports many Nikon and Canon cameras (Commercial)
 +
* [http://www.remoteyourcam.com/ remoteyourcam usb] is compatible with  Canon and Nikon cameras,and remotes them via USB host.
  
 
= Bulb mode bracketing =
 
= Bulb mode bracketing =
Line 41: Line 78:
 
== Supported cameras ==
 
== Supported cameras ==
 
Any camera that has a cable or infrared release and that supports bulb mode should work.  
 
Any camera that has a cable or infrared release and that supports bulb mode should work.  
 +
 +
== Commercial ==
 +
* [http://www.pclix.com/support/pclix-xt-support The PClix intervalometer] has the feature of a programmable shutter push length (to 99/100th sec) and programmable bulb length which can be combined with interval timing -- which makes it useful for continuous sequences of autobracketed bursts.
  
 
== Do-it-yourself ==
 
== Do-it-yourself ==
 +
DIY bulb mode bracketing should be safe if you don't apply power to the connector.
 
* [http://www.doc-diy.net/photo/hdr-jack/ HDR Jack] probably the smallest bracketing controller ever.
 
* [http://www.doc-diy.net/photo/hdr-jack/ HDR Jack] probably the smallest bracketing controller ever.
 
* [http://www.doc-diy.net/photo/hdr-jack2/ HDR jack 2] improve version build into a standard cable release. There are other solutions with even more features on that page, too.
 
* [http://www.doc-diy.net/photo/hdr-jack2/ HDR jack 2] improve version build into a standard cable release. There are other solutions with even more features on that page, too.
* [http://www.hdrlabs.com/occ/index.html Open Camera Controller ] controlled by a Nintendo DS and build into a game cartridge, many features.
+
* [http://www.hdrlabs.com/occ/index.html Open Camera Controller] controlled by a Nintendo DS and build into a game cartridge, many features.
 
* [http://www.wegroo.com/photoirmote/ PhotoIRemote] controlled by smartphone using audio out using either a self modified cable or a self mad IR transmitter
 
* [http://www.wegroo.com/photoirmote/ PhotoIRemote] controlled by smartphone using audio out using either a self modified cable or a self mad IR transmitter
 
* [http://newyorkpanorama.com/2009/01/21/long-exposure-night-hdr-photography-with-arduino/ Bracketmeister] Arduino project by Joergen Geerds
 
* [http://newyorkpanorama.com/2009/01/21/long-exposure-night-hdr-photography-with-arduino/ Bracketmeister] Arduino project by Joergen Geerds
Line 53: Line 94:
 
* [http://www.dslrbot.com/ DSLR.bot] i-devices app with infrared bulb mode bracketing
 
* [http://www.dslrbot.com/ DSLR.bot] i-devices app with infrared bulb mode bracketing
 
* [http://www.triggerhappyremote.com/ Trigger Happy] I-devices and android app plus cable bulb mode bracketing
 
* [http://www.triggerhappyremote.com/ Trigger Happy] I-devices and android app plus cable bulb mode bracketing
 +
* [http://www.thegadgetworks.com/TL-Plus.html TL-Plus] Androide app that programs the [[Heads#AutoMate|AutoMate robotic panorama head]] which then does not only bulb mode bracketing or timelaps but also gigapixel shooting on it's own.
  
 
= Camera software hacks =
 
= Camera software hacks =
In-camera bracketing limits are mostly artificial. Where the camera software can be extended or replaced better functionality can be retrofitted.
+
In-camera bracketing limits are mostly artificial. Where the camera software can be extended or replaced better functionality can be retrofitted. However, there is a small risk of malfunction or even permanent damage to your camera.  
  
* [http://chdk.wikia.com/wiki/CHDK CHDK] The Canon Hack Development Kit extends the firmware of Canon powershot cameras by many useful features among which is extended exposure bracketing.  
+
* [http://chdk.wikia.com/wiki/CHDK CHDK] The Canon Hack Development Kit extends the firmware of Canon powershot cameras by many useful features among which is extended exposure bracketing. Also read the FAQ [http://chdk.wikia.com/wiki/FAQ#Q._Can_CHDK_damage_your_camera.C2.A0.3F Can CHDK damage your camera?]
* [http://www.magiclantern.fm/ MagicLantern] A firmware hack for some Canon DSLRs providing not only bracketing but mainly extended video functionality.
+
* [http://www.magiclantern.fm/ MagicLantern] A firmware hack for some Canon DSLRs providing not only bracketing but mainly extended video functionality. Also read the FAQ [http://wiki.magiclantern.fm/faq#is_it_safe "Is it safe?"]
  
 
= Other possibilities =
 
= Other possibilities =
* Another idea of doc-diy is to [http://www.doc-diy.net/photo/battery_grip/ butcher a battery grip] and emulate the dial wheel by a micro controller. This way exposure could be controlled simply and direct.
+
* Another idea of doc-diy is to [http://www.doc-diy.net/photo/battery_grip/ butcher a battery grip] and emulate the dial wheel by a micro controller. This way exposure could be controlled simply and directly.
  
 
[[Category:Hardware]][[Category:Software:Survey]]
 
[[Category:Hardware]][[Category:Software:Survey]]

Latest revision as of 18:21, 21 September 2013

Shooting exposure bracketed gets more and more important for panorama creation, but most cameras still only support three brackets at 2EV steps maximum. But there are possibilities to work around this limitation. Many solutions support not only bracketing control but eventually many other features (timelaps, sound or light trigger etc). However, exposure bracketing is the main interest here.

This page is about how to extend the camera capabilities. If you look for general HDR information start at the HDR page.

Contents

[edit] PTP bracketing

Picture Transfer Protocol (PTP) is built into many cameras and should provide a means of not only transferring pictures over USB but also controlling the camera remotely. PTP is part of the WIA architecture on Windows, hence it is fairly easy to build a camera control software using f.e. Visual Basic. For other OS's the gphoto project should provide access to such cameras. The gphoto project also collects informations what cameras can be remotely controlled and in what ways: http://gphoto.org/doc/remote/

Hence there are many programs to control your camera from a computer but only few that do the same from a portable device. However, availability of cheap USB host circuitry has triggered some do-it-yourself projects and apparently even some smartphones can use USB hosts nowadays.

[edit] Supported cameras

Not all PTP enabled cameras implement all features. Hence it's impossible to tell which cameras can be used for PTP bracketing. The most complete list of cameras supporting PTP or other means of direct control is found in the gphoto project. If your camera is listed, there is a chance that one or the other software will support it. But it is still better to look on the vendor or developer page.

[edit] Programs

[edit] Windows

[edit] Linux

  • DigiKam (open source) Should "use gphoto for capture" according gphoto page no camera control

[edit] Mac OSX

[edit] Devices

[edit] Commercial

  • Promote control
  • Seitz Roundshot VR Drive 2 with HDR option
  • OKII USA They sell 2USB controls, battery powered, they allow camera control and also very fine follow focusing control. Canon only.
  • CinematicsThey sell 2USB controls, battery powered, they allow camera control and also very fine follow focusing control, one of them is the unique one that controls 2 cameras for stereo3D photography or video making. Canon only.
  • Opteka FF1x it is a simple, battery operated followfocus. No hdr functions or camera controls
  • Camranger is a small device plugging in the USB connector of several Nikon and Canon DSLRs allowing to control them wireless from an Ipad or Iphone.

[edit] Do-it-yourself

While the commercial devices above should be save (or at least offer some liability) there is a chance the DIY projects might hurt your camera. See this post on the vimeo forum.

[edit] Raspberry Pi

The w:Raspberry Pi is a very cheap yet complete ARM based single board computer the size of a credit card running Linux. This offers new and exciting possibilities. Some projects:

[edit] Chained apps

Unfortunately very few smart devices have an USB host to control external readers, iOS would need a special circuitry attatched to their propretary port. Hence proliferation of tools claimed to coontrol the camera from a smartphone, that are more conveniently using a real computer as bridge. The convenience is that the smart device controlling the camera operations is wirelessy connected to the bridge computer and can be a very valuable companion in studio work. Drawback is it comes more heavy on the field.

[edit] iOS + OSX

  • DSLR camera remote A smartphone app and a program running on a PC connected to the camera.

[edit] Android + other

  • remoteyourcam wifi is compatible with Canon cameras, Nikon compatibility is still not provided. The server application is available for Mac OS X 10.5+ and Windows.
  • cameraremote Documentation is scarce, seems to act through bluetooth. Someone will have to test it.

[edit] Android apps direct USB control

Few android apps are avaliable, chaining the full camera control with PTP protocol. Unfortunately only few smart devices are equipped with an USB host, and generally Android 3.1 is required. Till now only few Android can control the cameras directly. The solution is smart and lightweight, requires an USB cable linking your device with the camera, somehow limiting the action range.

  • DSLcontroller Android app to control Canon cameras
  • dslrsystems is an Android smartphone app chained with an arduino Bluetooth reciever with USB conection to Canon camera
  • DslrDashboard supports many Nikon and Canon cameras both over USB and WiFi
  • Helicon Remote supports many Nikon and Canon cameras (Commercial)
  • CamCap supports many Nikon and Canon cameras (Commercial)
  • remoteyourcam usb is compatible with Canon and Nikon cameras,and remotes them via USB host.

[edit] Bulb mode bracketing

A much cheaper way to control a camera shutter is using bulb mode and opening and closing the shutter directly by cable or infrared. Unfortunately no short exposure times are possible since for fast times the second shutter curtain starts to close already while the first one is still not fully open. Hence bulb mode bracketing is limited to times slower than 1/120s to 1/4s depending on the camera, with fastest possible times getting unreliable. Great for night time HDR but nothing for daylight use where fast speeds are needed. There are lot's of DIY projects and many smartphone apps in this category.

[edit] Supported cameras

Any camera that has a cable or infrared release and that supports bulb mode should work.

[edit] Commercial

  • The PClix intervalometer has the feature of a programmable shutter push length (to 99/100th sec) and programmable bulb length which can be combined with interval timing -- which makes it useful for continuous sequences of autobracketed bursts.

[edit] Do-it-yourself

DIY bulb mode bracketing should be safe if you don't apply power to the connector.

  • HDR Jack probably the smallest bracketing controller ever.
  • HDR jack 2 improve version build into a standard cable release. There are other solutions with even more features on that page, too.
  • Open Camera Controller controlled by a Nintendo DS and build into a game cartridge, many features.
  • PhotoIRemote controlled by smartphone using audio out using either a self modified cable or a self mad IR transmitter
  • Bracketmeister Arduino project by Joergen Geerds

[edit] Smartphone apps

  • TriggerTrap i-devices app with bulb mode bracketing
  • DSLR.bot i-devices app with infrared bulb mode bracketing
  • Trigger Happy I-devices and android app plus cable bulb mode bracketing
  • TL-Plus Androide app that programs the AutoMate robotic panorama head which then does not only bulb mode bracketing or timelaps but also gigapixel shooting on it's own.

[edit] Camera software hacks

In-camera bracketing limits are mostly artificial. Where the camera software can be extended or replaced better functionality can be retrofitted. However, there is a small risk of malfunction or even permanent damage to your camera.

  • CHDK The Canon Hack Development Kit extends the firmware of Canon powershot cameras by many useful features among which is extended exposure bracketing. Also read the FAQ Can CHDK damage your camera?
  • MagicLantern A firmware hack for some Canon DSLRs providing not only bracketing but mainly extended video functionality. Also read the FAQ "Is it safe?"

[edit] Other possibilities

  • Another idea of doc-diy is to butcher a battery grip and emulate the dial wheel by a micro controller. This way exposure could be controlled simply and directly.
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